A Case Study on the Potentials of Apprenticeship within School-Based VET Systems of Romania and Portugal

Dual Vocational Education and Training (VET) or apprenticeship schemes as a promising approach to overcome economic crisis in south Europe and to accelerate economic speed-up of former socialist states in East Europe are since years high on the agenda of European and national policies. Consequently, a manifoldness of approaches and projects have been started to support Work-Based Learning (WBL) in all of its forms, for a comprehensive overview see for example WBL-toolkit (2018). But when having a closer look at the forms or measures it has to be stated that many of them are rather far away from “real” apprenticeship schemes; most approaches are internships, learning projects, simulations, etc. In our current ERASMUS+ project “Integrating Companies in a Sustainable Apprenticeship System” (ICSAS, 2017) we are working on the question, whether an approach, being close to apprenticeship scheme in Germany, is of benefit within and for VET-systems of Portugal (PT) and Romania (RO).
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