5. Competence-Based Vocational Education and Training Systems
Internationalisation of VET, VET Transfer, Innovation, Industrial Culture, Qualifications Framework, Skills Match, Mobility, Permeability
In many countries within and outside Europe, reform efforts are currently underway to expand the largely full-time school-based vocational training systems to include in-company and job-related elements. As a rule, these reforms are modelled on the dual system of vocational training in Germany. A second trend is reforms and developments in Germany in the course of the European integration process. Parallel to these political processes, German companies are growing, particularly abroad, while vocational training and vocational training research in Germany are largely nationally oriented despite these conditions. In ITB research, the trends outlined and the resulting needs, innovations and developments are examined nationally, internationally and in a comparative manner.